Tuesday (January 24) is the historical day of the People’s Uprising. The popular uprising of ’69 is a milestone in the history of the long freedom struggle of Bengali under the undisputed leadership of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the greatest Bengali father of the nation.
Through this uprising, the Bengali nation took another step forward in the freedom struggle and the great liberation war.
On January 4, 1969, the leaders of Chhatra League, Chhatra Union and other progressive student organizations formed the Central Chhatra Sangam Parishad and declared 11-points.
The main basis of this 11-point demand was the six points declared by Bangabandhu. The six-point-based 11-point demand includes the student community’s problem-oriented demands as well as demands related to the interests of farmers and workers.
One of the main demands of this movement was the withdrawal of the Agartala conspiracy case and the release of the royal prisoners including Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The popular uprising of 1969 took place in the context of the six-point and later the 11-point program. On January 17, 1969, when student leaders called for a strike in all educational institutions across the country, the then Governor of East Pakistan, Monem Khan, issued Section 144 to suppress the student movement.
In protest against the government oppression, the program of student assembly and protest march was taken at Battala of Dhaka University on January 20. The movement became more intense when student leader Amanullah Mohammad Asaduzzaman Asad was killed by the police in this procession. After the martyrdom of Assad, the spontaneous participation of people from all walks of life on January 21, 22 and 23 led to an unprecedented mass uprising on January 24.